Honey bee sucks up nectar from the flowers. There are two stomachs in a bee. Some nectar goes into a bee’s main stomach to digest for food and energy, the rest of the nectar goes into a special stomach where the bee can secretes enzymes into the nectar. This is delivered to one of the indoor bees and is then passed mouth-to-mouth from bee to bee until its moisture content is reduced from about 70% to 18%. This changes the nectar into honey..
When honeybees are at work, their collective body temperature rises and consequently warms their work area – that is, the honey. The temperature of an active hive, therefore, is about 95ºF (35ºC), and the honey is stable and “alive” – or rather, the enzymes in honey that give it the nutritional and beneficial qualities are alive. As long as the temperature of honey does not significantly rise past 95ºF/35ºC, the honey has not been pasteurized. It’s Raw.
Bees live in colonies that contain the queen bee, the worker bee and the drone. The worker bee and the queen bee are both female, but only the queen bee can reproduce. All drones are male. Worker bees clean the hive, collecting pollen and nectar to feed the colony and they take care of the offspring. The drone’s only job is to mate with the queen. The queen’s only job is to lay eggs.
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THE NATURE OF HONEY
When gathered by the bees and brought into the hive, the nectar from the blossoms of flowering plants contains about 70% water. After mixing the nectar with enzymes, the bees will evaporate off much of the water by moving the air within the hive around with their wings until the moisture content falls to about 18 percent or less. This is the point at which honey is considered to be ripe
Ripe honey is hygroscopic in nature. This means that it has the tendency to draw moisture to itself. If honey is left exposed to the air, it will absorb the moisture in the air that exists in the form of humidity. If the water concentration increases to the point where it is above the 18 percent range, yeast (that is found naturally in the environment) will be able to multiply in the honey.
When the moisture content of the honey is allowed to increase to between 18 and 19 percent or higher, naturally occurring yeast will cause the honey to ferment and develop a somewhat unpalatable taste that is sour…though it still can be eaten.
The bees prevent the fermentation of honey by sealing fully ripened honey in the honey comb with a thin layer of beeswax. At a moisture level of 18 percent or below, and with a pH of 3-4, the honey is very stable and can last literally for centuries. Honey was found in Egyptian tombs still in eatable condition.
When first extracted from the hive, honey is typically in its liquid form. Over time most kinds of honey will naturally start to crystallize and become opaque. The crystallization process is a natural one and does not spoil the honey.
To extend the shelf life of honey in its liquid form, most honey processors will heat crystallized honey to melt the sugar crystals and reliquify the honey. Unfortunately this cooking process destroys the enzymes found in raw honey and ruins the delicate flavor of the honey.
Honey does not need to be refrigerated. Cool temperatures will simply make crystallized honey harder. When stored in a warm environment, honey will soften. If kept for extended periods in temperatures between 85-95 degrees Fahrenheit or more, honey will tend to liquefy as the sugar crystals slowly melt.
Honey bees suck the nectar from flowers and store it in a stomach-like organ called a honey crop. When the bee returns to the colony, another bee takes the nectar and spreads it over the wax honey comb to help water evaporate. The second bee also adds and enzyme called invertase to help break down the sugar molecules. Once it becomes thick it is sealed in a cell with a wax cap.
Bees collect pollen from plant anthers, mix it with a small dose of the secretion from salivary glands or nectar, and place it in specific baskets (called corbiculae) that are situated on the tibia of their hind legs — called pollen loads. Bee pollen is low in calories but rich in proteins, amino acids, vitamins, minerals,enzymes, beneficial fatty acids, carbohydrates, and bioflavonoids which are anti-viral, antibacterial and helpful in lowering cholesterol, stabilising and strengthening capillaries.
Propolis, or bee glue, is a mixture of beeswax and resins collected from leaf bugs and twigs. It is used to line nest cavities and brood combs, seal cracks and reduce the size of the hive entrance. Propolis has antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Royal jelly is a protein rich substance that is fed to larvae. More is given to the queen larva, causing her to grow larger than the other bees. It is made from digested pollen and honey and contains sugars, fats, amino acids, vitamins, minerals and proteins.
THREE ADULT CASTES
A honey bee colony is an organized society of three adult castes: queens, workers and drones. Each caste has certain responsibilities to the preservation of their hive.
Each hive will have 1 queen bee who is the only reproductive individual in the colony. She leaves the hive under two circumstances: as a virgin queen to mate, and in some cases, as an experienced queen with a swarm. On mating flights the queen locates a “drone congregation area” to mate with up to 80 drones before returning to the hive. She will store all this sperm touse for the rest of her life, which can last up to 5 or 6 years. The queen will lay all of the eggs for the colony, “deciding” when to lay drones (unfertilized eggs), or workers (fertilized eggs).
Worker bees are sterile females who do all of the foraging, feeding of young, honey production and storage, wax production, cleaning, and defending the hive against intruders. Each worker bee will do a variety of jobs in her lifetime, which can last about 4-6 weeks during the active season.
The only male bees in the colony are drones. Their sole purpose is to spread the genetics of the colony by mating with virgin queens from other colonies. Once they mate, they die successful bees. Unsuccessful drones return to the hive to eat honey and pollen. Once swarm season is over, drones become a drain on resources inside the hive, and are evicted by workers.
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Be a Bee jungle raw honey..Ma sha Allah, Barakallah, one of the best Honey I have ever come across.It crystalpure and nonAdulterated, I have been using this fromquite a long time.Alhamdulillah, very tasty and healthy.. I use it on a daily basis, trust the results are miraculous. SubhanAllah.. keep up the good work team.Keep serving people with such hardwork’May Allah bless n provide Barakkah in your business.AAMEEN ya rabb
Honey – a natural antibiotic with many healing properties – had become extinct in today’s commercial market due to unlimited and unchecked adulteration. To me, ‘bab’ is a mark of hope in humanity, a mark of trust, a sign of purity, Almighty’s blessing. Alhamdulillah!